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An Easy-to-understand Guide to the Types of Possessive Adjectives

An Easy-to-Understand Guide to Possessive Adjectives
Possessive adjectives are a type of adjectives which are used to show possession. Penlighten explains this part of speech in detail.
Penlighten Staff
Last Updated: Jun 2, 2018
Did You Know?
The articles 'a', 'an', and 'the' are also considered as adjectives.
Adjectives are describing words which modify nouns and pronouns. They tell us which (this, that), how many (few, many, two), or of what kind (brave, soft, yellow) is the noun. For example, "Susan is a beautiful girl." In this sentence, the word 'beautiful' modifies the noun 'girl'. Therefore, it is an adjective.
Adjectives are classified into various types as follows:
  • Descriptive
  • Predicate
  • Demonstrative
  • Indefinite
  • Attributive
  • Absolute
  • Nominal
  • Positive
  • Comparative
  • Superlative
  • Possessive
Possessive adjectives are used to show possession. For example, "Ron is her brother." In this sentence, the word 'her' shows possession, and is therefore, a possessive adjective. Other possessive adjectives used in the English language are my, your, his, her, its, our, and their.
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS AND POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES
Possessive adjectives can be easily confused with possessive pronouns since they are just slight modifications of possessive adjectives. The main difference between the two is that a possessive pronoun replaces the noun, whereas a possessive adjective modifies the noun, and appears before it.
A possessive pronoun is used instead of a noun.

Example:
Mary's home is huge. Mine isn't.

A possessive adjective, on the other hand, comes before the noun, just like any other adjective.

Example:
Mary's house is bigger than my house.
USAGE OF POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES IN SENTENCES
Usage of Possessive Adjectives
» My dress is new.
» Our cat is very friendly.
» I am getting married to her brother.
» Their daughter is very pretty.
» Is that your book?
» My dog always needs its ball.
» I am wearing his watch.
POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES IN FRENCH
ENGLISH MASCULINE FEMININE BEFORE VOWEL PLURAL
my mon ma mon mes
your (singular, familiar) ton ta ton tes
his, her, its son sa son ses
our notre notre notre nos
your (plural, formal) votre votre votre vos
their leur leur leur leurs
POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES IN ITALIAN
ENGLISH MASCULINE SINGULAR FEMININE SINGULAR MASCULINE PLURAL FEMININE PLURAL
my il mio la mia i miei le mie
your (familiar) il tuo la tua i tuoi le tue
your (formal) il Suo la Sua i Suoi le Sue
his, her, its il suo la sua i suoi le sue
our il nostro la nostra i nostri le nostre
your (familiar) il vostro la vostra i vostri le vostre
your (formal) il Loro la Loro i Loro le Loro
their il loro la loro i loro le loro
It might take a lot of practice to learn the differentiation between the usage of possessive adjectives and possessive pronouns. Solving exercises, and taking help of the worksheets available on the Internet is therefore advised.