An Easy-to-understand Guide to the Types of Possessive Adjectives

Possessive adjectives in English
Possessive adjectives are a type of adjectives which are used to show possession. Buzzle explains this part of speech in detail.
Did You Know?
The articles 'a', 'an', and 'the' are also considered as adjectives.
Adjectives are describing words which modify nouns and pronouns. They tell us which (this, that), how many (few, many, two), or of what kind (brave, soft, yellow) is the noun. For example, "Susan is a beautiful girl." In this sentence, the word 'beautiful' modifies the noun 'girl'. Therefore, it is an adjective.
Adjectives are classified into various types as follows:
  • Descriptive
  • Predicate
  • Demonstrative
  • Indefinite
  • Attributive
  • Absolute
  • Nominal
  • Positive
  • Comparative
  • Superlative
  • Possessive
Possessive adjectives are used to show possession. For example, "Ron is her brother." In this sentence, the word 'her' shows possession, and is therefore, a possessive adjective. Other possessive adjectives used in the English language are my, your, his, her, its, our, and their.
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS AND POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES
Possessive adjectives can be easily confused with possessive pronouns since they are just slight modifications of possessive adjectives. The main difference between the two is that a possessive pronoun replaces the noun, whereas a possessive adjective modifies the noun, and appears before it.
A possessive pronoun is used instead of a noun.

Example:
Mary's home is huge. Mine isn't.

A possessive adjective, on the other hand, comes before the noun, just like any other adjective.

Example:
Mary's house is bigger than my house.
USAGE OF POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES IN SENTENCES
Usage of Possessive Adjectives
» My dress is new.
» Our cat is very friendly.
» I am getting married to her brother.
» Their daughter is very pretty.
» Is that your book?
» My dog always needs its ball.
» I am wearing his watch.
POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES IN FRENCH
ENGLISHMASCULINEFEMININEBEFORE VOWELPLURAL
mymonmamonmes
your (singular, familiar)tontatontes
his, her, itssonsasonses
ournotrenotrenotrenos
your (plural, formal)votrevotrevotrevos
theirleurleurleurleurs
POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES IN ITALIAN
ENGLISHMASCULINE SINGULARFEMININE SINGULARMASCULINE PLURALFEMININE PLURAL
myil miola miai mieile mie
your (familiar)il tuola tuai tuoile tue
your (formal)il Suola Suai Suoile Sue
his, her, itsil suola suai suoile sue
ouril nostrola nostrai nostrile nostre
your (familiar)il vostrola vostrai vostrile vostre
your (formal)il Lorola Loroi Lorole Loro
theiril lorola loroi lorole loro
It might take a lot of practice to learn the differentiation between the usage of possessive adjectives and possessive pronouns. Solving exercises, and taking help of the worksheets available on the Internet is therefore advised.
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