announcement

Check our homepage for new, visually rich, fast and immersive experiences!

List of Commonly Used French Adjectives That Sound Truly Musical

List of Commonly Used French Adjectives
French is popular for being one of the softest and most romantic languages in the world, and some French terms and words have become an integral part of our everyday language, n'est pas? If knowing just a few French terms isn't enough for you, and you want to know more, read on for a list of commonly used French adjectives.
Penlighten Staff
Last Updated: Jun 2, 2018
Don't Forget!
Every noun in the French language has a gender―it is either masculine or feminine. The adjectives always have to agree with the gender and number of the noun.
To put it simply, adjectives are defined as 'describing words' or words that describe a noun, or a noun phrase. The adjective gives more information about the noun, thus giving it more quality in that sentence. For instance, in English, we use adjectives such as pretty, vain, ancient, cold, etc., to describe nouns. Similarly, the French language uses adjectives too, for describing various nouns. However, the position of adjectives in French greatly differs from the position of adjectives in English.

In English, the adjective is positioned BEFORE the noun. For instance: The hot coffee, where hot is the adjective describing coffee, which is the noun. In French, the adjective is positioned AFTER the noun. For instance- Le café chaud, where chaud is the adjective, and le café is the noun. (Oh and by the way, I have used the same phrase as an example in both languages. So le café chaud is the hot coffee.)

This rule of the positioning of the adjective generally applies to most of the adjectives in French. However, just like most rules have their exceptions, this one does too.

Before we get into the list of adjectives, however, there are a few things I'd like you to know, and which you should keep in mind whenever you read/write/speak French.
  • As mentioned above, every single noun has a gender―it is either masculine or feminine. There is no 'it'. It's always a 'he' or a 'she', even in the case of inanimate objects.
  • Except for a few cases, the feminine words always end with an 'e'. However, I repeat, there are a few exceptions to this.
  • To make a masculine word plural, an 's' is added at the end. In case of a feminine word, 'es' is added to make it plural. Remember, there are exceptions to this rule too.
List of French Adjectives That are Positioned Before The Noun
Adjective Meaning
Belle Beautiful
Beau Handsome
Long(ue) Long
Joli(e) Pretty, Cute
Bon(ne) Good
Mauvais(e) Bad
Petit(e) Small, Tiny
Nouveau /Nouvel(le) New
Excellent(e) Excellent, Wonderful
Vieux / Vieil(le) Old
Gros(se) Fat
Grand(e) Big, Huge
Jeune Young
Même Same
Meilleur(e) Better
Vilain(e) Wicked, Bad
French Adjectives To Describe a Person's Appearance
Adjective (m) Adjective (f) Meaning
Beau Belle Beautiful, Handsome
Attrayant Attrayante Attractive
Joli Jolie Pretty, Cute
Laid Laide Ugly
Grand Grande Big, Tall
Petit Petite Small, Tiny
Gros Grosse Fat, Overweight
Mince Mince Thin, Slender
Blond Blonde Blond
Chauve Chauve Bald
En bonne santé En bonne santé Healthy
Faible Faible Weak
Fort Forte Strong
French Adjectives To Describe Personality
Adjective (m) Adjective (f) Meaning
Bon Bonne Good
Mauvais Mauvaise Bad
Sympathique Sympathique Nice, Kind-hearted
Sympas Sympas Nice
Gentil Gentille Gentle, Nice
Optimist Optimiste Optimistic, Positive
Pessimist Pessimiste Pessimistic, Negative
Affectueux Affectueuse Affectionate
Amical Amicale Amicable, Friendly
Abordable Abordable Approachable
Franc Franche Candid, Innocent
Généreux Généreuse Generous
Utile Utile Helpful
Bavard Bavarde Talkative
Compétant Compétante Capable
Drôle Drôle Funny
Intellectual Intellectuelle Academic
À la mode À la mode Stylish, Fashionable
Sensible Sensible Sensitive
Courageux Courageuse Brave
Vaniteux Vaniteuse Vain
Impoli Impolie Impolite, Rude
Méchant Méchante Bad, Mean, Wicked
Odieux Odieuse Obnoxious
Other Commonly Used French Adjectives
Adjective (m) Adjective (f) Meaning
Froid Froide Cold
Chaud Chaude Hot
Clair Claire Bright
Haut Haute High
Propre Propre Clean
Sal Salle Dirty
Plein Plein Full
Lourd Lourde Heavy
Léger Légère Light (Not heavy)
Vide Vide Empty
Sec Sèche Dry
Humide Humide Damp
Loin Loin Far
Proche Proche Near
Riche Riche Rich
Pauvre Pauvre Poor
Facile Facile Easy
Difficile Difficile Difficult
Heureux Heureuse Happy
Triste Triste Sad
Fatigué Fatiguée Tired
Fou Folle Mad
Mou Molle Soft
French Demonstrative Adjectives
Demonstrative adjectives are normally used to replace articles in order to indicate a specific noun. Demonstrative adjectives in English are this, that, these, those. Demonstrative adjectives in French are supposed to agree with the gender and the number of the noun, unlike demonstrative adjectives in English, which are common for all nouns.

Ce: This/That Masculine Singular
Cet: This/That Masculine Singular, used if the succeeding word begins with a vowel
Cette: This/That Feminine Singular
Ces: These/Those ( for both masculine and feminine nouns)
Irregular French Adjectives
Most of the adjectives we commonly use in French are regular. However, there are a few irregular adjectives that have irregular masculine and feminine forms, and even an irregular plural form.

(m/s) form (m/s) form (vowel) (f/s) form (m/p) form (f/p) form
Beau Bel Belle Beaux Belles
Vieux Vieil Veille Vieux Veilles
Nouveau Nouvel Nouvelle Nouveaux Nouvelles
Fou Fol Folle Fous Folles
Mou Mol Molle Mous Molles
Remembering all these adjectives may seem a little overwhelming at first, but it'll soon get easier with practice. Remember, the adjective has to agree with the number and the gender of the noun, and that every noun is either masculine, or feminine! With these rules in mind, you'll definitely get the hang of these adjectives in no time! Bon chance!