A Grande and Classified List of Commonly Used Spanish Adjectives

common Spanish adjectives
Spanish is a lovely, breezy, musical language with extensive grammar that includes variations in the usage of the different parts of speech. This Buzzle article will give you a list of commonly used Spanish adjectives.
Never Forget
Adjectives in Spanish have a gender and a number. This means, they can be masculine and feminine, and singular and plural as well. A masculine and feminine adjective must be used with a masculine and feminine noun, respectively. Similarly, a singular and plural adjective should be used with a singular and plural noun.
Every language has its own grammar, though its roots specifically may belong to a single ancient language. Spanish, like most European languages, also finds its roots in Latin. Spanish is one of the most widely spoken languages in the world, and is next to Mandarin in terms of native language speakers. It is one of the six official languages of the United States, and the fifth most spoken language in Europe. It is said to have had its origins in the Castile region of Spain. What's more, other European languages, like French, Italian, etc., borrow some of their vocabulary from Spanish.

According to statistics, Spanish is the obvious choice as a foreign language for more than 20 million students. Also, there are more than 500 million people who have Spanish as their first or second language. It is a romantic and pleasing tongue, and has a variety in usage. That is to say, the parts of speech, like nouns, adjectives, verbs, etc., have a different usage criteria compared to the others. The paragraphs below have a comprehensive Spanish adjectives' list for your convenience along with suitable examples.

Common Spanish adjectives can be classified into possessive, demonstrative, descriptive, and personality adjectives.

Possessive Adjectives

These are adjectives that indicate what we possess or own. They are used to identify the things that belong to us, rather than using the noun itself. For instance, in English, we say, My piano, your book, etc. 'My' and 'your' are both possessive adjectives. However, in Spanish, this type has two forms―long and short. The short ones can also be termed as possessive determiners. The short-form of the adjectives are:

Person/Number
Singular
Plural
First Person
Mi/Nuestro/Nuestra (My/Our)
Mis/Nuestros/Nuestras
Second Person
Tu/Vuestro/Vuestra (Your)
Tus/Vuestros/Vuestras (Yours)
Third Person
Su (His/Her/Your formal)
Sus (Their/Your Formal)

Examples

Mi libro. (My book). Mis libros. (My books).
Note that the 's' is plural in both, the adjective and the noun.

Tu libro. (Your book). Tus libros. (Your books).

Nuestro libro. (Our book). Nuestros libros. (Our books).
Nuestra casa. (Our house). Nuestras casas. (Our houses).

Note that the 'a' in 'nuestra' indicates feminine. In most Spanish words regarding the gender, 'o' at the end indicates masculine, while 'a' indicates feminine. Always remember that the adjective is used according to the noun. In the above case, you cannot write 'Nuestra libro', because libro is a masculine noun. Similarly, you cannot write 'Nuestro casa', because casa is feminine. The same rule applies to the other adjectives too.

Su coche. (His/her car). Sus coches. (Their cars).

The long-form of the adjectives are:

Person/Number
Singular
Plural
First Person
Mío/Mía/Nuestro/a (Mine/Our)
Míos/as/Nuestros (Mine/Ours)
Second Person
Tuyo/Tuya/Vuestro/a (Yours)
Tuyos/as/Vuestros (Yours)
Third Person
Suyo (His/Hers/Your formal)
Suyos (Theirs/Your Formal)

Examples

El libro es mío, (The book is mine). Los libros son míos. (The books are mine).

Las casas son los suyos. (The houses are yours).

Articles should be compulsorily placed before these adjectives.

Demonstrative Adjectives

Demonstrative adjectives are those which indicate or point at something. They are also called demostrative determiners. In English, they are 'this', 'that', etc. In Spanish, they are influenced by the number and gender, as mentioned before. The tables below will give you the adjective forms for 'this', 'that', and a unique form, 'over there'.

Gender/Number
Singular
Plural
Masculine
Este (This)
Estos (These)
Feminine
Esta (This)
Estas (These)

Examples

Esta casa es mi favorita. (This house is my favorite).

Estos libros son fantásticos. (These books are fantastic).

Carefully observe the sentences. The first one is singular and feminine, while the second is plural and masculine. Any mistake in the gender and number will change the entire meaning of the statement.

Gender/Number
Singular
Plural
Masculine
Ese (That)
Esos (Those)
Feminine
Esa (That)
Esa (Those)

Examples

Esa flora es mi favorita. (That flower is my favorite).

Esos burritos son diferentes. (Those burritos are different).

Gender/Number
Singular
Plural
Masculine
Aquel (That over there)
Aquellos (Those over there)
Feminine
Aquella (That over there)
Aquellas (Those over there)

Examples

Aquella chica is muy bonita. (That girl over there is very pretty).

Aquellos restaurantes son mis favoritos. (Those restaurants over there are my favorite).

Descriptive Adjectives

As the name suggests, these adjectives describe an object or a person. They are most commonly used to describe nouns. The following table gives you a list of adjectives that are used for describing physical traits.

Spanish
English
Spanish
English
alto
tall
largo
long
corto, bajo
short
grande
big, large
pequeño
small
delgado
thin
gordo
fat
flaco
wirey
pesado
heavy-set
ligero
light-weight
bonito
pretty
feo
ugly
limpio
clean
cochino, sucio
dirty
bueno
good
malo
bad
plano
flat
chueco
bent
angular
angular
invierto
inverted
encuerado
naked
invisible
invisible
rapido
fast
lento
slow
fuerte
strong
debil
weak
obsuro
dark
brilliante
bright
mojado
wet
seco
dry
húmedo
humid
tibio
warm
lleno
full
vacío
empty
frío
cold
caliente
hot
nuevo
new
viejo, antiguo
old
caro
costly, expensive
barato
cheap
asado
roasted, barbequed
quemado
burnt
frito
fried
hervido
boiled

Examples

La señora es bonita. (The woman is pretty). Las señoras son bonitas. (The women are pretty).

El niño está sucio. (The boy is dirty). Los niños están sucios. (The boys are dirty).

Observe how the feminine and masculine form changes with the context. That is to say, the same adjective will be used in four different ways in four different contexts. You can use bonito, bonitos, bonita, and bonitas.

Personality Adjectives

As the word suggests, these adjectives are used to describe the personality traits and attributes. They are mostly used only for penot for things. They should not be confused with descriptive adjectives.

Spanish
English
Spanish
English
activo
active
agresivo
aggressive
pesado
annoying
aburrido
boring
simpático
charming
alegre
cheerful
presumido
conceited
peligroso
dangerous
crítico
critical
desorganizado
disorganized
reougnante
disgusting
cariñoso
endearing
agradable
pleasant, friendly
perezoso
lazy
travieso
mischievous
obstinado
obstinate
orgulloso
proud
romántico
romantic
triste
sad
sarcástico
sarcastic
tímido
timid
sencillo
simple
reservado
reserved
egoísta
selfish
tacaño
stingy
apasionado
passionate
abierto
open
malévolo
malicious
estricto
strict
tradicional
traditional
antipático
unfriendly
prudente
cautious
cobarde
cowardly
honesto
honest
fiel
loyal
coqueta
flirtatious
trabajador
hard-working
conservador
conservative
valiente
brave
ambicioso
ambitious

Examples

El hombre es alegre. (The man is cheerful). Los hombres son alegres. (The men are cheerful).

La chica es egoísta. (The girl is selfish). Las chicas son egoístas. (The girls are selfish).

Spanish can take you down a sea of wonderful grammatical knowledge and leave you thirsting for more. The above list was just a trailer. Each adjective has rules attached to it, depending on the gender and number. It might seem difficult to remember them in the beginning, but you will get the hang of it as you learn further. What's more, once you start, you will find that you are addicted to it―it is like a drug. So if you want to learn further, do not hesitate, just go ahead. All the best!
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