A Grande and Classified List of Commonly Used Spanish Adjectives

List of Commonly Used Spanish Adjectives
Spanish is a lovely, breezy, musical language with extensive grammar that includes variations in the usage of the different parts of speech. This Penlighten article will give you a list of commonly used Spanish adjectives.
Never Forget
Adjectives in Spanish have a gender and a number. This means, they can be masculine and feminine, and singular and plural as well. A masculine and feminine adjective must be used with a masculine and feminine noun, respectively. Similarly, a singular and plural adjective should be used with a singular and plural noun.
Every language has its own grammar, though its roots specifically may belong to a single ancient language. Spanish, like most European languages, also finds its roots in Latin. Spanish is one of the most widely spoken languages in the world, and is next to Mandarin in terms of native language speakers. It is one of the six official languages of the United States, and the fifth most spoken language in Europe. It is said to have had its origins in the Castile region of Spain. What's more, other European languages, like French, Italian, etc., borrow some of their vocabulary from Spanish.

According to statistics, Spanish is the obvious choice as a foreign language for more than 20 million students. Also, there are more than 500 million people who have Spanish as their first or second language. It is a romantic and pleasing tongue, and has a variety in usage. That is to say, the parts of speech, like nouns, adjectives, verbs, etc., have a different usage criteria compared to the others. The paragraphs below have a comprehensive Spanish adjectives' list for your convenience along with suitable examples.

Common Spanish adjectives can be classified into possessive, demonstrative, descriptive, and personality adjectives.
Possessive Adjectives
These are adjectives that indicate what we possess or own. They are used to identify the things that belong to us, rather than using the noun itself. For instance, in English, we say, My piano, your book, etc. 'My' and 'your' are both possessive adjectives. However, in Spanish, this type has two forms―long and short. The short ones can also be termed as possessive determiners. The short-form of the adjectives are:
Person/Number Singular Plural
First Person Mi/Nuestro/Nuestra (My/Our) Mis/Nuestros/Nuestras
Second Person Tu/Vuestro/Vuestra (Your) Tus/Vuestros/Vuestras (Yours)
Third Person Su (His/Her/Your formal) Sus (Their/Your Formal)
Examples
Mi libro. (My book). Mis libros. (My books).
Note that the 's' is plural in both, the adjective and the noun.

Tu libro. (Your book). Tus libros. (Your books).

Nuestro libro. (Our book). Nuestros libros. (Our books).
Nuestra casa. (Our house). Nuestras casas. (Our houses).

Note that the 'a' in 'nuestra' indicates feminine. In most Spanish words regarding the gender, 'o' at the end indicates masculine, while 'a' indicates feminine. Always remember that the adjective is used according to the noun. In the above case, you cannot write 'Nuestra libro', because libro is a masculine noun. Similarly, you cannot write 'Nuestro casa', because casa is feminine. The same rule applies to the other adjectives too.

Su coche. (His/her car). Sus coches. (Their cars).
The long-form of the adjectives are:
Person/Number Singular Plural
First Person Mío/Mía/Nuestro/a (Mine/Our) Míos/as/Nuestros (Mine/Ours)
Second Person Tuyo/Tuya/Vuestro/a (Yours) Tuyos/as/Vuestros (Yours)
Third Person Suyo (His/Hers/Your formal) Suyos (Theirs/Your Formal)
Examples
★ El libro es mío, (The book is mine). Los libros son míos. (The books are mine).

★ Las casas son los suyos. (The houses are yours).

Articles should be compulsorily placed before these adjectives.
Demonstrative Adjectives
Demonstrative adjectives are those which indicate or point at something. They are also called demostrative determiners. In English, they are 'this', 'that', etc. In Spanish, they are influenced by the number and gender, as mentioned before. The tables below will give you the adjective forms for 'this', 'that', and a unique form, 'over there'.
Gender/Number Singular Plural
Masculine Este (This) Estos (These)
Feminine Esta (This) Estas (These)
Examples
Esta casa es mi favorita. (This house is my favorite).

Estos libros son fantásticos. (These books are fantastic).

Carefully observe the sentences. The first one is singular and feminine, while the second is plural and masculine. Any mistake in the gender and number will change the entire meaning of the statement.
Gender/Number Singular Plural
Masculine Ese (That) Esos (Those)
Feminine Esa (That) Esa (Those)
Examples
Esa flora es mi favorita. (That flower is my favorite).

Esos burritos son diferentes. (Those burritos are different).
Gender/Number Singular Plural
Masculine Aquel (That over there) Aquellos (Those over there)
Feminine Aquella (That over there) Aquellas (Those over there)
Examples
Aquella chica is muy bonita. (That girl over there is very pretty).

Aquellos restaurantes son mis favoritos. (Those restaurants over there are my favorite).
Descriptive Adjectives
As the name suggests, these adjectives describe an object or a person. They are most commonly used to describe nouns. The following table gives you a list of adjectives that are used for describing physical traits.
Spanish English
alto tall
corto, bajo short
pequeño small
gordo fat
pesado heavy-set
bonito pretty
limpio clean
bueno good
plano flat
angular angular
encuerado naked
rapido fast
fuerte strong
obsuro dark
mojado wet
húmedo humid
lleno full
frío cold
nuevo new
caro costly, expensive
quemado burnt
hervido boiled
Spanish English
largo long
grande big, large
delgado thin
flaco wirey
ligero light-weight
feo ugly
cochino, sucio dirty
malo bad
chueco bent
invierto inverted
invisible invisible
lento slow
debil weak
brilliante bright
seco dry
tibio warm
vacío empty
caliente hot
viejo, antiguo old
barato cheap
asado roasted, barbequed
frito fried
Examples
★ La señora es bonita. (The woman is pretty). Las señoras son bonitas. (The women are pretty).

★ El niño está sucio. (The boy is dirty). Los niños están sucios. (The boys are dirty).

Observe how the feminine and masculine form changes with the context. That is to say, the same adjective will be used in four different ways in four different contexts. You can use bonito, bonitos, bonita, and bonitas.
Personality Adjectives
As the word suggests, these adjectives are used to describe the personality traits and attributes. They are mostly used only for penot for things. They should not be confused with descriptive adjectives.
Spanish English
activo active
pesado annoying
simpático charming
presumido conceited
crítico critical
reougnante disgusting
agradable pleasant, friendly
obstinado obstinate
romántico romantic
sarcástico sarcastic
sencillo simple
egoísta selfish>
apasionado passionate
malévolo malicious
tradicional traditional
prudente cautious
honesto honest
coqueta flirtatious
conservador conservative
Spanish English
agresivo aggressive
aburrido boring
alegre cheerful
peligroso dangerous
desorganizado disorganized
cariñoso endearing
perezoso lazy
travieso mischievous
orgulloso proud
triste sad
tímido timid
reservado reserved
tacaño stingy
abierto open
estricto strict
antipático unfriendly
cobarde cowardly
fiel loyal
trabajador hard-working
valiente brave
ambicioso ambitious
Examples
★ El hombre es alegre. (The man is cheerful). Los hombres son alegres. (The men are cheerful).

★ La chica es egoísta. (The girl is selfish). Las chicas son egoístas. (The girls are selfish).
Spanish can take you down a sea of wonderful grammatical knowledge and leave you thirsting for more. The above list was just a trailer. Each adjective has rules attached to it, depending on the gender and number. It might seem difficult to remember them in the beginning, but you will get the hang of it as you learn further. What's more, once you start, you will find that you are addicted to it―it is like a drug. So if you want to learn further, do not hesitate, just go ahead. All the best!
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