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List of Some Irregular Verbs

List of Some Irregular Verbs

Irregular verbs are those which fall outside the standard pattern of conjugation in the English language and are often the most commonly used verbs while one converses. Find in this article a list of some irregular verbs.
Divya Bichu
Last Updated: Mar 12, 2018
The very description of the verb, "irregular" tells you that these verbs do not adhere to the established rules like other verbs do. They do not have a set standard which they follow; they follow their own rules. Now, regular verbs have three basic forms, namely, the present, which is also referred to as the base form, past, and the past particle. While a verb travels from the base form to the past tense, one usually tends to end it by affixing -ed to the verb and that's exactly how it should be done. For example:
  • I always finish my work before time. (Base form)
  • He finished his work before time. (Past tense)
  • We have always finished our work before time. (Past participle)
On the other hand, irregular verbs do not end in -ed in either of the forms mentioned above. They are usually distinguished in three types.
  1. Verbs in which all the three forms remain intact or rather the same. (Such as the verb cut)
  2. Verbs in which two of the three forms are same. (Such as; sit -sat -sat)
  3. Verbs in which all three forms are different. (Such as; ring -rang -rung)
This means the verbal conjugation is not fixed, so you need to memorize the specific conjugation for the respective irregular verb. Since there are no rules or pattern one has to follow in order to learn the conjugation of these irregular verbs, all you have to do is keep your ears open and learn, so that you don't misspeak. A firm grasp over these irregular verbs, displays your command over the language and as English speakers it is our responsibility to use these irregular verbs correctly. When you come across an irregular verb, note down all the possible conjugates and try to place them properly in all the three forms mentioned above while constructing a sentence. There are a little less than 200 verbs which are classified as irregular verbs, this article includes some of the most commonly used irregular verbs in English.
Irregular Verbs List
A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

Base Form Past Tense Past Participle

A

Arise Arose Arisen
Awake Awoke Awoken
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B

Beat Beat Beaten
Become Became Become
Be Was / were Been
Begin Began Begun
Bend Bent Bent
Bet Bet Bet
Bite Bit Bitten
Bleed Bled Bled
Blow Blew Blown
Buy Bought Bought
Breed Bred Bred
Break Broke Broken
Bring Brought Brought
Build Built Built
Burn Burnt / burned Burnt / burned
Burst Burst Burst
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C

Catch Caught Caught
Choose Chose Chosen
Come Came Come
Cost Cost Cost
Creep Crept Crept
Cut Cut Cut
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D

Deal Dealt Dealt
Do Did Done
Draw Drew Drawn
Dream Dreamt / dreamed Dreamt / dreamed
Drive Drove Driven
Drink Drank Drunk
Dig Dug Dug
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E

Eat Ate Eaten
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F

Fall Fell Fallen
Feed Fed Fed
Feel Felt Felt
Fly Flew Flown
Forbid Forbade Forbidden
Forgive Forgave Forgiven
Forget Forgot Forgotten
Fight Fought Fought
Find Found Found
Freeze Froze Frozen
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G

Give Gave Given
Go Went Gone
Get Got Got
Grow Grew Grown
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H

Have Had Had
Hear Heard Heard
Hold Held Held
Hide Hid Hidden
Hit Hit Hit
Hang Hung Hung
Hurt Hurt Hurt
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I

Inbreed Inbred Inbred
Input Input Input
Interbreed Interbred Interbred
Interwind Interwound Interwound
Interweave Interwove Interwoven
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K

Keep Kept Kept
Know Knew Known
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L

Lay Laid Laid
Lie Lay Lain
Leap Leapt / leaped Leapt / leaped
Learn Learnt / learned Learnt / learned
Lead Led Led
Leave Left Left
Lend Lent Lent
Lean Leant / leaned Leant / leaned
Let Let Let
Light Lit Lit
Lose Lost Lost
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M

Make Made Made
Mean Meant Meant
Meet Met Met
Mistake Mistook Mistaken
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O

Overtake Overtook Overtaken
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P

Pay Paid Paid
Put Put Put
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Q

Quit Quit Quit
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R

Read Read Read
Ride Rode Ridden
Rise Rose Risen
Run Ran Run
Ring Rang Rung
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S

Say Said Said
See Saw Seen
Send Sent Sent
Set Set Set
Sew Sewed Sewn/sewed
Shake Shook Shaken
Shine Shone Shone
Shoot Shot Shot
Show Showed Shown
Shrink Shrank Shrunk
Shut Shut Shut
Sleep Slept Slept
Smell Smelt / smelled Smelt / smelled
Sell Sold Sold
Spit Spat Spat
Speed Sped Sped
Spell Spelt Spelt
Spend Spent Spent
Spill Spilt / spilled Spilt / spilled
Split Split Split
Spoil Spoilt / spoiled Spoilt / spoiled
Speak Spoke Spoken
Spread Spread Spread
Spring Sprang Sprung
Steal Stole Stolen
Stand Stood Stood
Strike Struck Struck
Stick Stuck Stuck
Sting Stung Stung
Stink Stank Stunk
Sit Sat Sat
Sink Sank Sunk
Sweep Swept Swept
Swear Swore Sworn
Swim Swam Swum
Swing Swung Swung
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T

Take Took Taken
Teach Taught Taught
Think Thought Thought
Throw Threw Thrown
Tell Told Told
Tear Tore Torn
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U

Understand Understood Understood
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W

Weep Wept Wept
Wake Woke Woken
Win Won Won
Wear Wore Worn
Wind Wound Wound
Write Wrote Written
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Well, to sum it all, English is the dominant language in global communication; hence, it is important for one to know the language well, it will take a bit of practice to master this language. Knowing the list of irregular verbs and using them correctly while talking or writing will display your mastery over the language.