List of Commonly Used Latin Roots, Prefixes, and Suffixes

Commonly used Latin roots, prefixes, and suffixes
Most of the words we use today are derived from Latin. So, why not understand how certain English words came about? Buzzle gives you information on the most commonly used roots, prefixes, and suffixes, and also chooses to give you their meanings for a better understanding. Have a read!
Long Live Latin!
Latin has given birth to many languages. The commonly used English words are mostly taken from Latin, almost 60% of the words. The use is made in all vast topics such as science, law, medicine, etc. Almost 80% of the scholarly English words are taken from Latin. Also, Latin is frequently used to write State or university mottos.
English is a language that draws its influence from so many languages with Latin being one of the most important contributors, as we said above. There is a deep, rich history explaining how it has influenced English. It all started in between the 6th and 7th century when the Christian missionaries got Latin religious terms to Britain. Also, Catholic monks wrote sacred text copies in Latin. Eventually, what happened was that, whenever they didn't get a word in Old English, they would substitute it by Latin words. Such was the role of Latin in developing the foundation of the English language. Also, the influence of Latin, so to say, is lexical in nature, meaning most of the words are coined from Latin roots.
Elucidated below is a list of Latin roots, prefixes, and suffixes that are very often put to use; words that we often use in our day-to-day conversations but probably aren't aware of how they all originated and what do they mean. The following sections will help you in understanding the English language better.
LATIN ROOTS
RootsIn EnglishEnglish Examples
-dict-to saypredict, contradict, dictate
-duc-take, bring, leadproduce, reduce, deduce
-gress-to walkprogress, digress
-ject-to throwinject, subject, project
-pel-to drivecompel, impel, dispel
-pend-to hangdepend, pendulum, pendant
-port-to carrysupport, export, report
-scrib-/-script-to writedescribe, transcription, prescribe
-tract-to drag/pullattract, extract, retract
-vert-to turnconvert, divert, invert
-ambi-bothambiguous, ambidextrous
-aqua-wateraquamarine, aquarium
-aud-to hearaudience, audible, audition
-bane-goodbeneficial, benefactor
-cent-hundredpercent, century
-duct-to leadinduce, conduct
-fac-makemanufacture, factory
-form-shapereform, conform
-fort-strengthfortitude, fortress
-fract-breakfraction, fracture
-jud-judgejudiciary, prejudice
-mal-badmalfunction, malevolent
-mater-mothermaternal, material
-mit-to sendtransmit, admit
-mort-deathmortal, post-mortem
-multi-manymultiple,multimedia
-rupt-breakruption, disruption
-sent-feel/sendconsent, resent
-spect-to lookinspection, spectator
-struct-to buildconstruct, destruction
-voc-voiceadvocate, vocal
LATIN PREFIXES
RootsIn EnglishEnglish Examples
co-togethercoedit, coauthor
de-removal/reversedeactivate, decompress, defrost
dis-not/oppositedisbelief, disrespect, discomfort
inter-betweeninterjection, international, intertwine
non-notnonstop, nonviolence, nonsense
post-afterpostdate, postwar
pre-beforepremeditate, prepay
re-again, backremake, rewrite, rearrange
sub-undersubway, substandard
trans-beyondtransatlantic, transpolar
anti-againstanti-clock, anticlimax
de-oppositedecomposition, deforestation, devalue
-in/-im/-ir/-ilnotirrelevant, impossible, illiterate
mis-wrongmisunderstand, misspell
over-excessovereat, overweight
semi-partlysemifinal, semicorrect
super-beyondsuperhuman, superpowers
un-oppositeunusual
under-lessunderestimate, understand
migr-wandermigratory, immigrant
uni-oneunify, unity
extra-beyondextraordinary
LATIN SUFFIXES
RootsIn EnglishEnglish Examples
-able/-ibleforms adjectivesaffordable, sensible
-ationforms nouns from verbscreation, information, automation
-fy/-ifyforms verbspurify, acidify
-mentforms nouns from verbsentertainment, statement
-ty/ityforms nouns from adjectivescertainty, similarity
-al, -ialcharacteristicsfacial, universal
-edpast tense, adjectiveslearned, talked
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